The north section of the Freiberg mining district clearly illustrates the complex interaction between mining, smelting, infrastructure and social structures from the 18th century onwards. The world’s first smelting complex is located here, where the process of amalgamation was used to extract silver on a large scale. Workers’ houses and the spa bath heated by slag are evidence of the social structures that were present here. Silver ore processed in the smeltery was transported, primarily from the mines to the north, via a shipping canal (ore canal). The two barge lifts on the ore canal are believed to be the first ship lifts of this kind in the world.