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The mining town of Horní Blatná is one of the most picturesque examples of the mining towns that were planned and constructed in the Renaissance style on greenfield sites in the Erzgebirge. In contrast to many mining towns, which were built following the discovery of significant silver ore deposits, Horní Blatná is the only example of a planned town connected to the discovery of tin deposits. It was founded in 1532 by Johann Friedrich, who was then the Elector of Saxony. Like Marienberg in Saxony, the town has a central, almost square marketplace and a system of perpendicular streets. There are also a number of valuable historical examples of Gothic or Renaissance architecture, and a series of more recent half-timbered buildings in the traditional style of the 18th century. In 1992, the historical centre of Horní Blatná was declared a protected urban area.