The centre of the Annaberg mining region was the eponymous mining town, which was founded at the end of the 15th century following the discovery of large silver deposits. Located within the Annaberg-Frohnau mining landscape, the town is as much a part of the World Heritage nomination as the Pöhlberg and Buchholz mining landscapes. Various underground resources were mined in the Annaberg district, including silver, copper, tin, bismuth, and cobalt. A range of other resources were also quarried. The most important architectural and cultural monument in the Annaberg mining district is the late-Gothic hall church of St. Anne, which was constructed from 1499–1525. The Annaberg mining district bordered the Marienberg mining district to the east, and the Schneeberg mining district to the west.