The discovery of significant silver ore deposits towards the end of the fifteenth century led to the unplanned and rapid development of the mining town of Schneeberg. A large number of mines surrounded the town. Many substantial buildings, both secular and religious, were built during the mining boom in the sixteenth century. The St. Wolfgangskirche (St. Wolfgang’s Church) is just one example of these. A great fire in 1719 had a lasting effect on the townscape. New buildings were erected in the Baroque style and have defined the character of the town ever since. The church survived the flames in 1719, but was completely destroyed during the Second World War. It was reconstructed and now endures as a symbol of the mining town. The church contains a historic, culturally important altar from the workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder. Other important buildings in Schneeberg include the St. Trinitatis Church, the town hall with its distinctive tower, the Baroque Fürstenhaus (Royal Residence), and the Baroque townhouses of the wealthy Tröger, Schmeil, and Börthenreuther families.