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The area around Krupka (Graupen) has been profoundly shaped by tin ore mining over a period of around 800 years. Tin was probably extracted by washing techniques here as far back as the Bronze Age. The mining of tin ores, as well as copper, tungsten, bismuth and molybdenum, began in the 13th century at the latest. The oldest tin district in the Erzgebirge, Krupka has greatly influenced the science of mining tin deposits. The knowledge gained here was applied in Krupka and passed on to other districts on both the Bohemian and the Saxon sides of the mountains.

An important monument in this cultural landscape is the Starý Martin visitors’ mine, which boasts the longest tin vein in Central Europe, at a length of 2 kilometres. Many further remains of important above-ground and underground workings from the 13th to the 20th centuries are scattered across the surrounding mining districts of Knötel, Preisselberg and Komáří hůrka (Mückenberg).

The mining town of Krupka and its striking 14th century castle of the same name were established as a direct consequence of mining activity here. Other buildings of great importance are the Church of the Assumption of Mary with its late-Gothic bell tower, the Church of the Holy Spirit, the Church of St. Anna, preserved in the Renaissance style, and historical townhouses.