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The uranium ore mining undertaken in the 20th century was driven by the atomic arms race during the Cold War. Mining was undertaken at varying levels of intensity, from ruthless initial exploitation to the planned, centralised mining operations from the 1950s onwards. The mining areas in the west of the Erzgebirge, including Johanngeorgenstadt, Aue and Schlema, were of particular importance during this period. In addition to Shaft Complex 371 at Bad Schlema, evidence of the uranium mining period is provided by the heap landscape (including, among others, heap 366 near Aue), which has since been allowed to return to nature.

Active associations in the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region: 

Verein zur Förderung des bergmännischen und kulturellen Brauchtums Erzgebirge e. V.