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Vrch Mědník is an authentic mining landscape that showcases the various different techniques used over a period of more than 400 years (15th to 19th centuries) for extracting iron and copper, and to a lesser extent silver, from hard skarn stone. Due to its exposed altitude and ease of access, Vrch Mědník is a unique learning environment in which to observe the various historical phases of mining – from stepped surface excavations to adits, shafts, and underground mine workings. The hill comprises more than 80 shafts and adits, which are easily visible thanks to sinkholes, adit mouths, and heaps. The mining town of Měděnec was founded at the foot of the mountain around 1520.