Vrch Mědník is an authentic mining landscape which showcases the various different techniques used for extracting iron and copper, and to a lesser extent silver, from hard skarn stone over a period of more than 400 years (15th to 19th centuries). Due to its exposed altitude and ease of access, Vrch Mědník is a unique learning environment in which to observe the various historical phases of mining – from stepped surface excavations to adits, shafts, and underground mine workings. The hill comprises more than 80 shafts and adits, which are easily visible thanks to sink-holes, adit mouths, and heaps. The mining town of Měděnec was founded at the foot of the mountain around 1520.