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Located in the central Erzgebirge, the Marienberg mining region borders the Freiberg district in the east and the Annaberg district in the west. It is one of the younger districts of the Erzgebirge mining region. Silver, tin, and iron were key raw materials here, and significant deposits of resources such as chalk and marble were also quarried. In the UNESCO World Heritage nomination, the region is represented by the historical old town of Marienberg, the Olbernhau-Grünthal Liquation Works, and the mining landscapes of Lauta and Ehrenfriedersdorf. Other important historical and tourism-related elements in the region, such as the Augustusburg hunting lodge, the Lengefeld lime works, the Grüner Graben ditch at Pobershau, the Niederzwönitz paper mill, and the Seiffen Toy Village are included as associated objects.