The Weiße Erde Zeche (which translates as ‘white earth pit’) dates back to the 17th century. Numerous iron ore mines were in operation at this time, meeting demand for raw materials from the hammer mills around Aue, and the Roter St. Andreas mine, where a kaolin deposit had been struck in 1698. In 1711, the St. Andreas Mine Weiße Erde Zeche was granted an electoral warrant to supply kaolin to the Meissen porcelain factory. The mine did not come completely under the control of the elector until 1828. That same year, a new administration and assembly building was erected. Mining activity at the Weiße Erde Zeche ceased in 1855. In 1933, the administration and assembly building was extended and updated. Today it is a residential building and a guesthouse.