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The plans to establish this major mining town were formed towards the end of the 15th century. The proceeds of intensive silver ore mining were used to construct a large number of buildings. Both secular and religious buildings were erected, including the Mining Church of St. Mary, the town hall, and beautiful homes for wealthy residents. The late-Gothic hall church of St. Anne is a unique architectural monument and houses a large number of culturally and historically important artworks, such as the famous mining altar by Hans Hesse. A number of important figures in the mining industry also worked in the town, including mathematician Adam Ries, mint master Lazarus Ercker, and the Uthmann mining entrepreneur family.