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The Freiberg Mining District is not only the oldest mining district in Saxony; it was also the largest and most important. More than two-thirds of all Erzgebirge silver was mined here. The region also produced copper, lead ore, and other resources. For the purposes of the UNESCO World Heritage nomination, the Freiberg mining region encompasses the Gersdorf Mining Landscape, the Himmelfahrt Fundgrube Mine with the Muldenhütten Smelting Complex, the Zug and Brand-Erbisdorf mining landscapes, the historic centre of Freiberg, and the ore canal and mines in the Freiberg northern mining district. The Rothschönberger Adit drainage gallery and the Freiberg Active Mining Water Management System (RWA) demonstrate how water was controlled and used to support mining activities.