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Ore was mined for over 800 years in an area northeast of Freiberg’s old town. The many small mines from the medieval period were combined over the centuries, creating the biggest, most state-of-the-art amalgamated mine in Europe. Numerous well-preserved mining systems and heap lines in this landscape are testament to this development. Ensembles of buildings such as the Reiche Zeche Shaft Complex, the Abraham Shaft and the Alte Elisabeth Mine illustrate the extraordinary variety of machine technology in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The ore from the Freiberg mining area was originally smelted at many different sites in the region. As a result of state reforms, only two smelting complexes ultimately remained; the oldest of these is in Muldenhütten. Once the largest and most important smelting complex in the Erzgebirge region, it has processed non-ferrous metals for at least 600 years. A number of new technologies were also developed at this site. From 1887 to 1953, Muldenhütten was home to Saxony’s State Mint; thereafter it became one of a number of minting sites in the GDR. Today, this industrial complex is one of the oldest non-ferrous metallurgy smelting sites still operating in Germany.

Active associations in the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region: 

Förderverein Himmelfahrt Fundgrube Freiberg e. V. (friends’ association)