The World Heritage Criteria

The Mining Cultural Landscape Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří fulfils three out of the total of six specific UNESCO World Heritage criteria for cultural heritage set out in the guidelines:


Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region is an exceptional testimony to the outstanding role and strong global influence of the Saxon-Bohemian Ore Mountains as a centre for technological and scientific innovations from the Renaissance up to Modern Times. During several periods of mining history significant achievements related to the mining industry emanated from the region and were successfully transferred or influenced subsequent developments in other mining regions.


Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region bears exceptional testimony to technological, scientific, administrative, educational, managerial and social aspects that underpin the intangible dimension of living traditions, ideas and beliefs of the people associated with Ore Mountains’ culture.


Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region is a series representing a coherent mining landscape with specific proportions of land dedicated in specific places to mining dictated by the uneven distribution and concentration of ore deposits, and exploited in different periods and processing operations, to water management and forestry, to urbanization, agriculture, transport and communications - a pattern of nodes and concentrations, of linear connecting features, all developed in successive phases under increasing state control. This is an outstanding, indeed unique, example of a transboundary region transformed by mining activities from the 12th to the 20th centuries.



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