Founded as St. Katharinenberg im Buchholz in 1495, Buchholz grew into a small mining settlement due to its mineral resources. The Hall Church in Buchholz, with its Wolfgang altarpiece of importance for cultural history, bears witness to the silver mining period of the early 16th century. The former execution place dates from the same period. Marked by two slabs of rock, it stands in the middle of the mining district. In the last phase of mining, uranium ore extraction produced terraconic heaps that are only preserved here in the Erzgebirge.

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  • Alte Thiele discovery mine

    The Alte Thiele and Flache Thiele mining area was located south of Galgenhöhe hill (“Gallows Hill”), Buchholz’s place of execution. Mining in this area initially focused on placer tin. Evidence of this can be found in the form of tin placer heaps in Buchholz’s urban forests. By the 16th century, tin ore veins were also being mined. The mines were named after the main shareholders in the pit, the Thiele family. Tin ore mining, which had taken place intermittently throughout this period, ceased in 1801.

  • Place of execution

    Buchholz’s place of execution was situated southwest of the town, on the Galgenberg (“Gallows Hill”). It is not only this name that indicates what this site was used for; the so-called Galgensteine also commemorates the area. This is a large rocky mound displaying numerous letters and years from the 15th and 16th centuries.

  • Terraconic heaps shaft 116

    Two distinctive cone-shaped heaps stand out in the landscape, a striking testament to the intensive uranium mining that took place here on Buchholz terrain in the mid 20th century. The heaps were created during the brief period of prospecting and mining in shaft 116, which reached a total depth of 186.7 m; the shaft was closed in 1957 after just a decade in operation.