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There is hardly a mining region in the world that has contributed as much as the Erzgebirge to the development of mining and geo-sciences, to the emergence of mining education or to the economic, legal and administrative development of the early modern state. This development is associated with names such as the humanist scholar Georgius Agricola (1494-1555), with the founding of the world’s first mining university in Freiberg (1765), with the Erzgebirge mining law, which contributed to the development of European mining law, and with the creation of an economically and technologically trained state administrative organisation to secure this important source of income for the developing state of Saxony and the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

Mining acted as a driving force for economic growth in the region and laid the foundation for the current economic structure in the Erzgebirge. The expansion of mining played a large role in the development of the Margraviate of Meissen (and later the Duchy, Electorate and Kingdom of Saxony) and the Kingdom of Bohemia into economically, culturally and politically important regions in Central Europe.

Georgis Agricola im Schneeberger Rathaus
Hauptgebäude der TU Bergakademie Freiberg
Kunstrad Markus-Röhling-Stolln in Frohnau
Pochwerk Wäsche IV